As the snow melts away and warmer temperatures move in, it’s the perfect time for homeowners to get in their yard and prune or trim their trees. The goal of pruning is to remove the wood that is wounded or unproductive for wood that will produce fruit or contribute to the health and beauty of the tree. For those who aren’t sure how to clip with confidence, keep reading.
1. Why Is Pruning Necessary
Some wonder why Tree Pruning and Removal are necessary. Effective pruning results in a stronger, safer, healthier, and more productive tree. After the winter months, it’s necessary to prune to remove the dying, diseased, or dead branches. This will help enhance the quality of the fruit along with the life of the tree. Thinning the branches will also help with better airflow, improve exposure to the sun, and prevent moisture from causing fungus or mold issues.
2. Prune at the Right Time
The best time to prune a tree is in March or February, but it may be sooner based on the climate or region. The goal is to prune the trees while they are dormant but the temperatures are starting to warm up. Pruning while the tree is dormant reduces the loss of sap and minimizes stress on the tree. It also helps to reduce the likelihood of an insect infestation or fungus.
3. Preparing for Pruning
Before pruning the tree, make sure to have the right tools on hand and that they are in good condition. Sharper shears are best for clean and easy cuts. After pruning the tree, disinfect the tools in a solution made of nine parts of water and one-part bleach and then soapy water. Let them dry completely. Tree diseases will spread easily if the tools are infected.
4. Proper Pruning is a Must
When pruning a tree, less is more. Every cut will cause stress and increases the tree’s vulnerability to insects and disease. Try to limit pruning to no more than 33 percent of the crown to make sure the living branches make up two-thirds of the tree’s height. If a homeowner prunes too much of the tree, it can cause structural weakness and affect the tree’s health.
5. Pruning Fruit Trees
Different fruit trees require different pruning methods. For apricots, peaches, persimmons, plumcots, plums, cherries, pears, and applies, the right way to prune them is by removing 20 percent of the previous year’s growth. If the tree hasn’t been pruned in several years, a more aggressive trim may be needed. While this is true, never take off more than one-third of the tree during the pruning process.
6. After Pruning
After the tree is pruned, take the time to get rid of the pruned wood. This is especially the case if it is diseased. It is a good idea to fertilize the tree, which helps to close the pruning wounds and reduces the stress on the tree.
Pruning a tree can be hard work, but it is well worth the time and effort that a person puts into it. If a homeowner doesn’t think they can handle the pruning of their trees alone, they can reach out to the professionals for help. The professionals will be able to provide proper pruning services to ensure that trees remain strong and healthy year after year.